WHAT ARE DARKLING BEETLES?
Darkling beetles transmit many poultry diseases as well as harbor several parasites. Examples include leucosis (Marek’s), Infectious Bursal Disease (Gumboro), coronavirus, Newcastle Disease Virus, avian influenza, Salmonella sp, E. coli, Aspergillus sp, Eimeria spp., roundworms, and tapeworms.
Broiler, turkey, brooder and grow-out houses are ideal environments for the darkling beetles to breed, thrive and multiply. The houses provide optimal temperatures and food for this pest and the beetles’ livability is near 100 percent from egg to adult. This results in very large numbers of insects in the house.
Young birds, when exposed to darkling beetles, prefer to eat them rather than their poultry food resulting them getting large and damaging doses of parasites and diseases.
DAMAGE CAUSED BY DARKLING BEETLES
In addition to spreading diseases among poultry flocks,
- Darkling beetles are a very attractive food source to young birds, who, when exposed to beetles, prefer to eat them rather than poultry food.
- The consumption of both darkling beetle larvae and the adults at the time of placement results in the young birds getting large and damaging doses of parasites and diseases.
- Darkling beetles also consume a tremendous amount of poultry feed, driving up the cost of production.
- Large numbers of beetles in litter applied to fields have produced concerns for surrounding houses as the displaced beetles often seek shelter in human dwellings and, in addition to being a nuisance, cause damage to property by burrowing into insulation.
BALENCE -- HELPING YOU MANAGE DARKLING BEETLES
- balEnce is a BioPesticide. It is not a toxic chemical
- balEnce is naturally occurring and environmentally friendly
- balEnce is a “host-specific” pathogenic fungus called Beauveria bassiana that targets adult beetles and larvae
- balEnce is safe for humans, animals, and beneficial insects
- balEnce is approved for sale by the US EPA, the PMRA, Health Canada, and the US Department of Agriculture National Organic Program
HOW DOES BALENCE WORK?
balEnce™ is a solution of spores (conidia) of Beauveria bassiana ─ a naturally occurring fungus ─ that is a host-specific pathogen. balEnce™ targets and kills ONLY darkling beetles. balEnce is not harmful to humans, animals or beneficial insects. The spore is picked up by the darkling beetle, grows, reproduces, and kills the insect. Darkling beetles die in one to five days depending on exposure and environment.
HOW MUCH balEnce DO I NEED?
The darkling beetle breeding cycle ─ from egg to adult ─ takes 42 to 60+ days depending on temperature. It is closer to 42 days in the summer and much longer in the winter. Adults can live more than a year. Eggs are laid in the litter or soil. The larvae develop in the litter with the preferred sites being under feeder pans and along the walls of the house. Both the eggs and the pupae can live for up to four months with larvae and adults emerging long after you may think that the darkling beetle problem is under control. It will take many months and several flocks to bring the darkling beetle population under control.
When good beetle control is obtained, the only sites in the house where beetles are usually present and where treatment needs to be continued on a regular basis are in the first few inches of the floor along the wall and under feeder pans.
IN GENERAL, IT WILL SEVERAL FLOCK TREATMENT CYCLES TO SIGNIFICANTLY REDUCE THE NUMBER OF ADULT BEETLES.
balEnce for Darkling Beetles comes as either a dry granular product or a spray concentrate.